Key ideas

Repeated addition  4 x 5 is the same as 5 + 5 + 5 + 5

Multiplication is commutative  4x5 is the same as 5x4

Multiplication is the inverse of division 20÷ 5 = 4 can be worked out because 5 x 4 = 20.

Number families 4x5 = 20, 5 x 4 = 20, 20 ÷ 5 = 4, 20 ÷ 4 = 5


How to support at your child at home 

Practise counting

Ensure counting begins with concrete manipulatives such as shoes, socks etc. before moving on to using counters and other manipulatives. Whenever starting children counting in a new amount, such as counting in 8s, children should be given the opportunity to see visually what that looks like to reinforce 4 x 8 looks quite big compared to 4 x 6. They can then look for patterns such as 4 x 8 is the same as 4 x 4 doubles. Use a counting stick to count up and down in multiples.


Chanting “3 times 7 is 21 etc.” with manipulatives, then pictorially, then fingers.

Quick fire recall

The structure for teaching recall. The example is for the 6 times table but the principle can be applied to any.

a. Start with 1x6, 2 x6, 5x6, 10x6 at them first.

b. Add 3x6 and 4x6 when step 1 is frequently recalled correctly and instantly.

c. Build up to 6x6, 7x6, 8x6

d. When looking at 9x6, 11x6 and 12x6 children should look at finding 10x6 and adjust.

e. Add in related division facts. 

Use games like TTRockstars and Hit the button.


Times Table Rock Stars is a programme designed to help children master the times tables! All children in KS1 and KS2 have a login.

World famous rock musicians are the best at what they do because they've spent hours practising guitar chords, writing music or playing on the drums. It's just the same with times tables – all Times Table Rock Stars need to practise and practise and practise.

It's essential that your child does a little bit of times table practice regularly. Short bursts of daily practise are more effective than spending hours once a week.